(24:1) This is a surah We have revealed, and
which We have made obligatory; and in it We have
revealed clear instructions so that you may take
(24:2) Those who commit unlawful sexual
intercourse – whether female or male – flog each
one of them with a hundred lashes. And let not
tenderness for them detain you from what
pertains to Allah's religion, if you do truly
believe in Allah and the Last Day; and let a
party of believers witness their punishment.
(24:3) Let the fornicator not marry any except a
fornicatress or an idolatress and let the
fornicatress not marry any except a fornicator
or an idolater. That is forbidden to the
(24:4) Those who accuse chaste, honourable women
(of unchastity) but do not produce four
witnesses, flog them with eighty lashes, and do
not admit their testimony ever after. They are
(24:5) except those of them that repent
thereafter and mend their behaviour. For surely
Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever Compassionate.
(24:6) As for those who accuse their wives [of
unchastity], and have no witnesses except
themselves: the testimony of such a one is that
he testify, swearing by Allah four times, that
he is truthful (in his accusation),
(24:7) and a fifth time, that the curse of Allah
be on him if he be lying (in his accusation).
(24:8) And the punishment shall be averted from
the woman if she were to testify, swearing by
Allah four times that the man was lying,
(24:9) and a fifth time that the wrath of Allah
be on her if the man be truthful (in his
(24:10) Were it not for Allah's Bounty and His
Mercy unto you and that Allah is much prone to
accept repentance and is Wise, (you would have
landed yourselves into great difficulty on the
question of the unsubstantiated accusation of
(24:11) Surely those who invented this calumny
are a band from among you. Do not deem this
incident an evil for you; nay, it is good for
you. Every one of them has accumulated sin in
proportion to his share in this guilt; and he
who has the greater part of it shall suffer a
(24:12) When you heard of it, why did the
believing men and women not think well of
themselves and say: 'This is a manifest
(24:13) Why did they not bring four witnesses in
support of their accusation? Now that they have
brought no witnesses, it is indeed they who are
the liars in the sight of Allah.
(24:14) Were it not for Allah's Bounty and His
Mercy unto you in the world and in the Hereafter
a grievous chastisement would have seized you on
account of what you indulged in.
(24:15) (Just think, how wrong you were when one
tongue receive it from another and you uttered
with your mouths something you knew nothing
about. You deemed it to be a trifle while it was
grave in the sight of Allah.
(24:16) And why, no sooner than you had heard
it, did you not say: 'It becomes us not even to
utter such a thing. Holy are you (O Allah). This
is a mighty calumny.'
(24:17) Allah admonishes you: If you are true
believers, never repeat the like of what you
(24:18) Allah clearly expounds to you His
instructions. Allah is All-Knowing, Most Wise.
(24:19) Verily, those who love that indecency
should spread among the believers deserve a
painful chastisement in the world and in the
Hereafter. Allah knows, but you do not know.
(24:20) Were it nor for Allah's Bounty and His
Mercy unto you, and that Allah is Most Forgiving
and Wise (the evil that had been spread among
you would have led to terrible consequences).
(24:21) Believers! Do not follow in Satan's
footsteps (let him remember that) Satan bids
people to indecency and evil. Were it not for
Allah's Bounty and His Mercy unto you, not one
of you would have ever attained purity. But
Allah enables whomsoever He wills to attain
purity. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
(24:22) Let those among you who are bounteous
and resourceful not swear to withhold giving to
the kindred, to the needy, and to those who have
forsaken their homes in the cause of Allah.
Rather let them forgive and forbear. Do you not
wish that Allah should forgive you? Allah is
Ever Forgiving, Merciful.
(24:23) Those that accuse chaste, unwary,
believing women (of unchastity), have been
cursed in the world and the Hereafter, and a
mighty chastisement awaits them.
(24:24) (Let them not be heedless of) the Day
when their own tongues, their hands, and their
feet shall all bear witness against them in
regard to what they have been doing.
(24:25) On that Day Allah will justly requite
them, and they will come to know that Allah –
and He alone – is the truth, the One who makes
the truth manifest.
(24:26) Corrupt women are for corrupt men, and
corrupt men for corrupt women. Good women are
for good men, and good men for good women. They
are innocent of the calumnies people utter.
There shall be forgiveness for them and a
(24:27) Believers! Enter not houses other than
your own houses until you have ascertained the
approval of the inmates of those houses and have
greeted them with peace. This is better for you.
It is expected that you will observe this.
(24:28) Then if you find no one in them, do not
enter until you have been given permission (to
enter). And if you are told to go back, then do
go back. This is a purer way for you. Allah
knows all what you do.
(24:29) However, it is not blameworthy for you
if you enter houses that are uninhabited but
where in is of use to you. Allah is well aware
of what you disclose and what you conceal.
(24:30) (O Prophet!) Enjoin believing men to
restrain their gaze and guard their private
parts. That is purer for them. Surely Allah is
well aware of all what they do.
(24:31) And enjoin believing women to restrain
their gaze and guard their private parts and
additionally not to reveal their adornment
except that which is revealed of itself; let
them draw their veils over their bosoms, and not
to reveal their adornment to any save to their
husbands, or their fathers, or the fathers of
their husbands, or of their own sons, or the
sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or
the sons of their brothers, or the son of their
sisters, or the women with whom they associate,
or those that are in their bondage, or the male
attendants in their service free of sexual
desire, or children that are yet unaware of the
private parts of women. Nor should they stamp
their feet on the ground in such manner that
their hidden ornament becomes revealed.
Believers, turn together, all of you, to Allah
in repentance that you may attain true success.
(24:32) Marry those of you that are single,
(whether men or women) and those of your male
and female slaves that are righteous. If they
are poor, Allah will enrich them out of His
Bounty. Allah is infinite in His resources and
(24:33) Let those who cannot afford to marry
keep themselves chaste until Allah enriches them
out of His Bounty. And such of your slaves that
desire a deed of manumission in lieu of payment,
execute such a deed with them if you see any
good in them, and give them out of the wealth
that Allah has given you. And do not compel you
slave-girls to prostitution merely for the sake
of the benefits of worldly life, the while they
desire to remain chaste. And if anyone compels
them to prostitution, Allah will be Most
Pardoning, Much Merciful (to them) after they
are subjected to such compulsion.
(24:34) Verily We have sent down for you
revelations which clearly expound true guidance,
and examples of those who passed away before
you, and an admonition for those who fear
(24:35) Allah is the Light of the heavens and
the earth. His light (in the universe) may be
likened to a niche wherein is a lamp; the lamp
is in the crystal; which shines in star like
brilliance. It is lit from (the oil) of a
blessed olive tree that is neither eastern nor
western. Its oil well nigh glows forth (of
itself) though no fire touches it: light upon
light. Allah guides to His Light whom He wills.
Allah sets forth parables to make people
understand. Allah knows everything.
(24:36) (Those who are directed to this Light)
are found in the houses which Allah has enjoined
to be raised and wherein. His names are
remembered; in them people glorify Him in the
morning and in the evening,
(24:37) people whom neither commerce nor
striving after profit diverts them from
remembering Allah, from establishing Prayer, and
from paying Zakah; people who dread the Day on
which all hearts will be overturned and eyes
will be petrified;
(24:38) (people who do all this so) that Allah
may reward them in accordance with the best of
their deeds; indeed He will bestow upon them
more amply out of His Bounty, for Allah grants
to whomsoever He will beyond all measure.
(24:39) But for those who deny the truth, their
deeds are like a mirage in the desert which the
thirsty supposes to be water until he comes to
it only to find that it was nothing; instead he
found Allah with him and then Allah settled his
account in full. Allah is swift in settling the
(24:40) Or their deeds may be likened to
darkness upon an abysmal sea, covered by a
billow, above which is a billow, above which are
clouds, creating darkness piled one upon
another; when he puts forth his hand, he is
scarcely able to see it. He to whom Allah
assigns no light, he will have no light.
(24:41) Do you not see that all that is in the
heavens and the earth, even the birds that go
about spreading their wings in flight, extol His
glory? Each knows the way of its prayer and of
its extolling Allah's glory. Allah is well aware
of whatever they do.
(24:42) Allah's is the dominion of the heavens
and the earth and to Him are all destined to
(24:43) Do you not see that it is Allah who
gently drives the clouds, then He joins them
together and then turns them into a thick mass
and thereafter you see rain-drops fall down from
its midst. And then He sends down hail from the
heaven – thanks to the lofty mountains – and
causes it to smite whom He wills and averts it
from whom He wills. The flash of His lightning
almost takes away the sight.
(24:44) It is Allah Who causes the night and the
day to alternate. Surely there is a lesson in it
for those that have sight.
(24:45) Allah has created every animal from
water. Of them some move on their bellies, some
move on tow legs, and some on four. Allah
creates whatever He wills. Surely Allah has
power over everything.
(24:46) Verily, We have sent down revelations
that clearly explain the truth. Allah guides
whomsoever He wills to a Straight -Way
(24:47) They say: 'We believe in Allah and the
Messenger, and we obey', but thereafter a
faction of them turns away (from obedience).
These indeed are not believers.
(24:48) When they are called to Allah and His
Messenger that he (i.e. the Messenger) may judge
(the disputes) between them, a faction of them
(24:49) However if the right is on their side
they come to him (Professing) their
(24:50) Do their hearts suffer from the disease
(of hypocrisy)? Or have they fallen prey to
doubts? Or do they fear that Allah will wrong
them, and His Messenger will wrong them? Nay,
the truth is that they themselves are
(24:51) When those that believe are called to
Allah and His Messenger in order that he (the
Messenger) may judge their disputes between
them, nothing becomes them but to say: 'We hear
and we obey.' Such shall attain true success.
(24:52) Those who obey Allah and His Messenger,
and fear Him and avoid disobeying Him: such,
indeed, shall triumph.
(24:53) (The hypocrites) solemnly swear by
Allah; 'If you order us, we shall surely go
forth (to fight in the cause of Allah).' Tell
them: 'Do not swear. The state of your obedience
is known. Allah is well aware of all what you
(24:54) Say: 'Obey Allah and obey the Messenger.
But if you turn away, then (know well) that the
Messenger is responsible for what he has been
charged with and you are responsible for what
you have been charged with. But if you obey him,
you will be guided to the Right-Way. The
Messenger has no other responsibility but to
clearly convey (the command).'
(24:55) Allah has promised those of you who
believe and do righteous deeds that He will
surely empower them as vicegerents in the land
even as He empowered those that preceded them,
and that He will firmly establish their religion
which He has been pleased to choose for them,
and He will replace the state of fear that they
are in with security. Let them ser Me and
associate none with Me in My Divinity. Whoso
disbelieves after that, such indeed are the
(24:56) Establish Prayer and pay Zakah and obey
the Messenger so that mercy may be shown to you.
(24:57) Do not even imagine that those who
disbelieve can frustrate (Allah's authority) in
the land. Their abode is the Fire; what an evil
(24:58) Believers! At three times let those whom
you possess and those of your children who have
not yet reached puberty, ask leave of you before
entering your quarters: before the Morning
Prayer, and when you take off your clothes at
noon, and after the Night Prayer. These are the
three times of privacy for you. If they come to
you at other times then there is no sin for them
nor for you, for you have to visit one another
frequently. Thus, does Allah clearly explain His
directives to you. Allah is All-Knowing, Wise.
(24:59) And when your children attain puberty
then let them ask leave to come to you like
their elders used to ask leave. Thus does Allah
clearly explain to you His Signs? He is
(24:60) The women who are past their youth (and
can no longer bear children) and do not look
forward to marriage, will incur no sin if they
cast off their outer garments without displaying
their adornment. But if they remain modest, that
is still better for them. Allah is All-Hearing,
(24:61) There is no blame on the blind nor any
blame on the lame nor any blame on the sick nor
on yourselves that you eat in your own houses,
or your fathers' houses, or your mothers'
houses, or your brother's houses, or the houses
of your sisters or the houses of your father's
brothers, or the houses of your father's
sisters, or in the houses of your mother's
brothers, or in the houses of your mother's
sisters or in the houses of whose keys you
possess, or the house of a friend. There is no
blame if you eat together or separately. But
when you enter such houses, greet each other
with a salutation appointed by Allah, a
salutation that is blessed and good. Thus, does
Allah expound His Signs to you in order that you
will act with understanding?
(24:62) The true believers are only those who
have faith in Allah and in His Messenger and
who, whenever they are with him on some common
errand, they do not go away until they have
asked leave of him. Verily, those who ask leave
of you; it is they who truly believe in Allah
and His Messenger. So, if they ask your leave in
connection with some of their affairs, give
leave to those whom you will, and ask Allah for
forgiveness on their behalf. Surely, Allah is
(24:63) (Muslims!) do not make the calling of
the Messenger among you as your calling one
another. Allah knows well those of you who
surreptitiously steal away, taking shelter
behind one another. Let those who go against the
order (of the Messenger) beware lest a trial or
severe punishment afflict them.
(24:64) Lo! Whatsoever is in the heavens and the
earth belongs to Allah. He knows well the state
you are in. And the Day when they will be
returned to Him, He will tell them all what they
did. Allah knows everything.